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Adductor Tendinopathy

What is adductor tendinopathy?

Adductor tendinopathy is a condition affecting the adductor tendon which typically follows a pattern of pain and stiffness in the groin and inner thigh.

The adductor muscles are a group of five muscles located on the inside of the thigh that act to move the hip inwards or control hip movements outwards. Additionally, they provide stability to the pelvis while standing, walking and running, hence why they are so important for everyday life.

 The adductors consist of 5 muscles, which can be divided into the long and short adductors: the long adductors (Gracilis and Adductor Magnus) attach at the pelvis extending to the knee and the short adductors (Pectineus, Adductor Brevis and Longus) also attach at the pelvis and extend to the thigh bone.

What causes and Adductor Tendinopathy?

This injury usually occurs due to chronic overuse or a sudden increase in training load. The adductors are active in many sports such as, running, football, horse riding, gymnastics and swimming making then a common injury for many Individuals. The repetitive nature of the movements in some of these sports and the constant change of direction, heavily stresses the adductor tendon. Overstretching of the tendon or an increase in training intensity often can start the development of adductor tendinopathy and increased forces over an extended period causes the tendon tissues to degenerate, becoming painful and more prone to tearing.

Signs and symptoms, you may be experiencing an Adductor Tendinopathy?

The typical symptoms you will experience is pain in the groin region with movements of the adductor muscles. There may be a feeling of stiffness, weakness, swelling and pain when pressing over the adductor tendon, or an inability to contract of stretch the adductors. Pain can both develop gradually or appear an acute, sharp pain.

Treatment for an Adductor Tendinopathy?

An accurate diagnosis by a physiotherapist is essential to ensure other more pathologies conditions are ruled out and the right treatment is given to enable the best recovery. Firstly, identifying factors that may have led to the onset of the condition, may need to be initially avoided or modified in the initial stages of treatment to allow relative rest from aggravating factors. Your physiotherapist will develop a specific tendon loading program based on the individual and their specific needs, to assist with the patient’s rehabilitation.

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